U.S. wheat production down 6% from 2013

by Ron Sterk
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WASHINGTON — U.S. 2014 all wheat production was forecast at 1,992 million bus, down 138 million bus, or 6%, from 2,130 million bus in 2013, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said in its July 11 Crop Production report.

The U.S.D.A. forecast production of winter wheat at 1,367 million bus, down 1% from its June forecast of 1,381 million bus and down 11% from 1,534 million bus in 2013.

Production of spring wheat other than durum in 2014 was forecast at 565 million bus, up 31 million bus, or 6%, from 534 million bus in 2013.

Durum production in 2014 was forecast at 59.6 million bus, down 2 million bus, or 4%, from 61.9 million bus in 2013.

It was the U.S.D.A.’s first survey-based estimates for other spring wheat, durum and all wheat for the current year.

The U.S.D.A. all wheat number was above the average trade expectation of 1,972 million bus, the winter wheat number was below the trade average of 1,384 million bus, the other spring wheat number was above the trade average of 544 million bus, and the durum number was slightly above the trade average of 59 million bus.

The U.S.D.A. forecast winter wheat yield at 42.2 bus per acre based on conditions as of July 1, down 0.2 bus from 42.4 bus in June and down 5.2 bus from 47.2 bus in 2013. Harvested area was forecast at 32.4 million acres, unchanged from the June Acreage report but up slightly from a year ago.

Production of hard red winter wheat was forecast at 703 million bus, down 2% from the June forecast and down 6% from 744 million bus in 2013. Soft red winter wheat production was forecast at 458 million bus, up 1% from June but down 19% from 565 million bus last year. White winter wheat was forecast at 206 million bus, up slightly from June but down 8% from 225 million bus in 2013. Soft white winter wheat production was forecast at 196 million bus, down 9% from 214 million bus in 2013. Hard white winter was forecast at 10.6 million bus, down 5% from 11.2 million bus in 2013.

The U.S.D.A. forecast spring wheat other than durum yield at 45.5 bus an acre, down 1.6 bus from 47.1 bus an acre in 2013. Harvested area was forecast at 12.4 million acres, unchanged from the June Acreage report but up 9% from 2013. Production of hard red spring wheat was forecast at 520 million bus, up 6% from 2013.

Durum yield was forecast at 42.1 bus an acre, up 1.5 bus from 43.6 bus an acre in 2013. Harvested area was forecast at 1.4 million acres, unchanged from the June Acreage report but down slightly from a year ago.

All wheat yield was forecast at 43.1 bus an acre, down 4.1 bus from 47.2 bus an acre in 2013. All wheat harvested area was forecast at 46.2 million acres, up 2% from 45.2 million acres in 2013.

Oats production in 2014 was forecast at 75.5 million bus, up 15% from 65.9 million bus in 2013 but still the fourth lowest on record if realized, the U.S.D.A. said.

U.S. 2014 barley production was forecast at 187.4 million bus, down 13% from 215.1 million bus last year.
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