Soybean oil with omega-3 benefit gains GRAS status

by Jeff Gelski
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ST. LOUIS – The Food and Drug Administration has issued a letter saying it has no questions about the Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) status for a new soybean oil product that delivers omega-3 fatty acid benefits. The Monsanto Co. and The Solae Co., both based in St. Louis, collaborated to develop the oil. It has stearidonic acid (SDA), which may be metabolized in the body to form long chain fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), a form of omega-3 fatty acid.

The GRAS status says the soybean oil with SDA may be used as an ingredient in baked foods and baking mixes, breakfast cereals and grains, cheeses, dairy product analogs, fats and oils, fish products, frozen dairy desserts and mixes, grain products and pastas, gravies and sauces, meat products, milk products, nuts and nut products, poultry products, processed fruit juices, processed vegetable products, puddings and fillings, snack foods, soft candy, and soups and soup mixes at levels that will provide 375 mg of SDA per serving.

The oil is obtained from a bioengineered soybean. The oil contains 15% to 30% SDA and 5% to 8% gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Neither SDA nor GLA is found in conventional soybean oil. The SDA soybean oil also contains higher levels of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and palmitic acid than conventional soybean oil. It contains lower levels of oleic acid and linoleic acid.

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