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Anise. The licorice-flavored fruit of the aromatic herb, Pimpinella anisum , that is cultivated in the temperate to warm climates of Europe and the Americas. The small seed (q.v.), resembling caraway seed (q.v.), contains 2% to 3% of an essential oil (q.v.) that consists almost totally of anethol, the actual flavoring material. The spice is used either whole or ground to a fine powder to flavor icings (q.v.) and fillings (q.v.), cakes (q.v.) and cookies (q.v.), and the toppings (q.v.) of sweet dough products (q.v.). Star anise, though having a different botanical origin, has a flavor that closely resembles that of anise.