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DATA Ester. A surfactant (q.v.) that consists of diacetyl tartaric acid esters (q.v.) of mono- and diglycerides (q.v.). It exhibits effective dough conditioning (q.v.) functions and yields doughs that have improved tolerance (q.v.), are drier and easier to process, exhibit better gas retention (q.v.), and produce loaves with greater volume and a finer texture (q.v.). The product is also variably known under such designations as DAT, DATEM, TEM, and others.