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Dextrose. Also known as glucose and corn sugar, it is a monosaccharide (q.v.) that contains six carbon atoms (q.v.) and has the chemical formula C6H12O6. It is formed in nature by a process of photosynthesis (q.v.) that takes place in the leaves of plants. It represents the basic unit of such polysaccharides (q.v.) as starch (q.v.), dextrins (q.v.), cellulose (q.v.), and pectins (q.v.). It is found in many natural products, especially in fruits and honey, and is produced commercially by the acid conversion (q.v.) of corn starch (q.v.).