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Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis. A process of chemical decomposition in which a compound is split or degraded into simpler compounds by reacting with water, as exemplified by the degradation of starch (q.v.) into dextrose (q.v.) and maltose (q.v.), of protein (q.v.) into amino acids (q.v.), and of fat (q.v.) into glycerol (q.v.) and fatty acids (q.v.).