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Thiamine. A vitamin (q.v.) of the B complex (q.v.), also known as vitamin B1 and aneurine, that is essential for growth, proper metabolism of carbohydrates (q.v.), normal functioning of the nervous system, the prevention of beriberi and other nerve disorders, and for the maintenance of appetite. A white, crystalline, water-soluble compound in its commercial form, it is one of the mandated vitamins of enriched flour (q.v.) and enriched bread (q.v.) to which it is added primarily in its nitrate form as thiamine mononitrate.